With the most recent volcanic eruption in history – Hawaii’s volcano lower Puna erupted causing lava fountains up to 300 feet (90 m) high. The eruption forced the evacuation of approximately two thousand residents and with over 700 houses have been destroyed since the lower Puna eruption had begun.
Here are your tips on surviving a Volcanic eruption…..
During a Volcanic Eruption
Listen to your local radio station on a portable, battery-operated radio or television for updated emergency information and instructions.
- Follow any evacuation orders issued by authorities.
Put your household emergency plan into action and Stay calm and level-headed and carefully run through the steps that you listed in your Household Emergency Plan with the family. If you are instructed to evacuate – do so – the authorities have your best interest at heart.
- Bring animals and livestock into closed shelters to protect them from breathing volcanic ash.
Breathing in volcanic ash can cause breathing problems and damage the lungs. Inhaling large amounts of volcanic ash can cause suffocation.
- Put all machinery inside a garage or barn to protect it from volcanic ash.
Volcanic ash causes abrasion and will damage any machinery used.
- Stay indoors. Your safest place is inside, away from various hazards.
Close all windows, doors, and dampers to keep volcanic ash from entering indoors. Wear a dust mask to protect against lung irritation from small particles, Protect your eyes by wearing goggles. Wear eyeglasses, not contact lenses if possible and Keep as much of your skin covered as possible.
- Avoid low-lying areas, areas downwind of the volcano, and river valleys downstream of the volcano. Debris and ash will be carried by wind and gravity.
After a Volcanic Eruption
- Stay indoors and away from volcanic ash fall areas if possible.
Fine, glassy particles of volcanic ash can cause severe health risks – especially children and people with respiratory conditions
- Whether you are indoors or outdoors:
Wear a dust mask designed to protect against lung irritation from small particles.
Protect your eyes by wearing goggles. Wear eyeglasses, not contact lenses if possible.
Keep as much of your skin covered as possible.
When it is safe to go outside or return home
- Clear roofs of any ash fall.
Volcanic Ash – been very small and dense and is very heavy and can cause buildings to collapse, especially if made wet by rain.
- Avoid driving in heavy ash fall.
Driving will stir up volcanic ash that can clog engines and stall vehicles. Abrasion can damage moving parts, including bearings, brakes, and transmissions.
- Keep animals away from ash fall and possible hot spots.
Wash animals’ paws and fur or skin to prevent them from ingesting or inhaling ash when they groom themselves.